Title: Emma Colliery, Barmoor, Ryton, c1931
Photographer: Brown, J.
Reference Number: GL000457
Item Description: Ryton had two main industries coal and agriculture, it is thought that mining began in Ryton back in Roman times however around 1239 when King Edward II granted that coal may be mined outside the walls, coal was mined more extensively. The coal would have been mined in fields and probably not as deep as the later mines. The oldest colliery to be sunk was in 1800 this was Stargate, followed by Emma Pit in 1845 , Addison 1864, Clara 1893, and Greenside re-opened in 1902.
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